AQEEDAH_JIHAD_38

🔴 AQEEDAH 🔴

 

♦SECTION 4♦

 

🔻JIHAAD, ALLEGIANCE, AND RULERSHIP

 

2⃣Types of Jihad

 

✒In Arabic, the word jihad means striving and expending one’s energy.

 

✏In Islamic terminology, jihad means the Muslim striving to make the word of Allaah supreme and to establish His religion on earth.

 

✔Jihad is of four kinds: Jihad al-nafs (jihad against one’s self), jihad al-Shaytaan (jihad against the Shaytaan), jihad against the kaafirs and jihad against the hypocrites.

 

💖Jihad al-nafs (jihad against one’s self) and jihad al-Shaytaan (jihad against the Shaytaan) are obligatory upon everyone who is accountable. Jihad against the munaafiqeen (hypocrites), kaafirs (disbelievers) and leaders of oppression and innovation is obligatory upon the community as a whole.

Jihad Al_ nafs…..

💗Jihad al-nafs (jihad against one’s self) is of four kinds:

 

1⃣Striving to learn the teachings of Islam without which one cannot attain success and happiness in this world or in the Hereafter; if this is missing then one is doomed to misery in this world and in the Hereafter.

 

2⃣Striving to make oneself act in accordance with what one has learned. Simply knowing without acting, even though it may not cause any harm, is not going to bring any benefit.

 

3⃣Striving to call others to Islam, teaching those who do not know about it. Otherwise one will be one of those who conceal that which Allaah has revealed of guidance and teaching, and it will not benefit him or save him from the punishment of Allaah.

 

4⃣Striving to bear patiently the difficulties involved in calling people to Allaah and the insults of people; bearing all that for the sake of Allaah.

 

👆🏻If a person achieves all these four levels, then he will be one of the rabbaaniyyeen (learned men of religion who practise what they know and also preach to others. Cf. Aal ‘Imraan 3:79).

 

🎓The salaf were agreed that the scholar does not deserve to be called a rabbaani unless he knows the truth, acts in accordance with it and teaches it to others. Whoever teaches, acts in accordance with his knowledge and has knowledge, he will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

#⃣ Jihad against the Shaytaan is of two types:

1⃣ Warding off the doubts that he stirs up to undermine faith.

2⃣ Striving against him to ward off the corrupt desires that he provokes.

The first jihad is followed by certainty of faith, and the second is followed by patience. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And We made from among them (Children of Israel), leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)”

 

📖 [al-Sajdah 32:24]

 

☝🏻Allaah tells us that leadership in religion is attained through patience and certainty of faith. Patience wards off desires and certainty wards off doubts.

#⃣ Jihad against kaafirs and hypocrites….

 

🎐Jihad against the kaafirs and hypocrites is of four kinds: with the heart, the tongue, one’s wealth and oneself. Jihad against the kaafirs is more along the lines of physical fighting whereas jihad against the hypocrites is more along the lines of using words and ideas.

 

🎐The idea of waging physical jihad against the kaafirs went through a number of stages, depending on the state in which the Muslim ummah was. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

 

🎐“The first thing which his Lord revealed to him was to read in the name of his Lord who had created. That was the beginning of his Prophethood, where Allaah commanded him to recite to himself but He did not yet command him to convey that. Then He revealed the words (interpretation of the meaning:

 

‘O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments!

 

Arise and warn!’

 

📖[al-Muddaththir 74:1-2]

 

So he became a Prophet with the word ‘Iqra (Read!) and he became a Messenger with the words, ‘O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments…’ Then Allaah commanded him to warn his closest kinsmen, then to warn his people, then to warn the Arabs around them, then to warn all the Arabs, then to warn all of mankind. He continued to call them for over ten years from the beginning of his Prophethood, without fighting or imposing the jizyah; he was commanded to refrain, to be patient and to be forbearing.

 

🎐Then permission was given to him to migrate, and permission was given to him to fight.

 

🎐Then he was commanded to fight those who fought him, and to refrain from fighting those who left him alone and did not fight him.

 

🎐Then Allaah commanded him to fight the mushrikeen so that the religion would all be for Allaah.

 

🎐After jihad was enjoined upon him, the kaafirs then fell into three categories: those with whom there was a truce or peace treaty; those with whom he was at war; and those who lived under the rule and protection of the Islamic state.”

 

📮(Zaad al-Ma’aad, 3/159)

 

 

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